One of the most vital, if not the most crucial, components of an electric scooter is the battery. It will affect a wide range of aspects of your scooter, including its speed and range, as well as its cost per charge and overall maintenance expenses. Knowing as much as you can about the battery in your electric scooter is imperative. Learn about the battery if you just learn one thing about how your scooter operates and how to get the most out of it. This comprehensive article is organized in the following sections so feel free to use go to the germane sections.
- Types of batteries e-scooters use
- Which type is preferable and why
- Voltage and Charge (the technical stuff)
- Battery capacity and how to calculate/interpret it
- Are electric scooter batteries safe?
- How to properly charge an e-scooters battery
- How often should you charge
- How long does a charge last?
- What is the longevity of the battery?
- Tips for battery maintenance
- How to check and monitor the battery
- When to replace the battery?
- Replacement and upgradability
- Are they waterproof?
- Storage Tips
- Concluding remarks (Why choosing wisely will save you not only money but keep safer)
Electric batteries, most frequently Lithium-Ion batteries, power electric scooters. They range from 24 V to 120 V, with a range in between. Batteries typically range in size from 150 Wh to 750 Wh, however more costly scooters often have batteries with a capacity much higher than that. To fully charge an ordinary battery, it will take about 5 hours. On average, batteries last between two and three years. Our line of scooters from SmooSat offer 5 years of service on all scooters in our lines for both the kids’ E9 APEX and adults’ SA3 Prime to our flagship – the MAX.
Types of batteries e-scooters use
These days, lithium-ion batteries are found in the majority of electric scooters. Compared to other forms of electric batteries, these batteries have a number of significant advantages.
· They are denser, which increases the scooters' range. · Their self-discharge rate is slower; thus they don't deplete as quickly when not in use. · They don't need a lot of upkeep. · volts more than those of typical electric batteries · They are not impacted by the memory effect (losing efficiency after partial charges) · Several additional benefits include the absence of priming, which involves carefully charging and thoroughly draining the battery the first few times.
Lithium-ion batteries come in a variety of shapes and sizes, depending on the substance that forms the active bond with the lithium atom. They are used differently in different uses:
· Lithium Cobalt Oxide (LiCoO2) – LCO (used in mobile phones, tablets, laptops, and cameras)· Lithium Manganese Oxide (LiMn2O4) – LMO (power tools, medical devices, electric powertrains)· Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide (LiNiMnCoO2) – NMC (E-bikes, medical devices, EVs, industrial)· Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) – LFP (Portable and stationary devices that need high load currents and endurance)· Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide (LiNiCoAlO2) – NCA (Medical devices, industrial, electric powertrain (Tesla))· Lithium Titanate (Li2TiO3) – LTO (UPS, electric powertrain (Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Honda Fit EV), solar-powered street lighting)
Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide is the most prevalent kind found in electric scooters (NMC). Older electric scooter models, in particular, may feature different electric battery types, typically lead-acid or nickel-metal hydride batteries. Simply said, fuel-powered scooters aren't the same as electric scooters. SmooSat uses top-of-the-line Lithium-Ion material with the utmost safety in its engineering.
Voltage and Charge (the technicalities)
Numerous advantages of lithium-ion batteries make them ideal for usage in electric scooters. Modern electric scooters nearly exclusively use them since they have high energy densities, don't exhibit the memory effect, and are easy to repair. Consequently, SmooSat opts for the best quality lithium-ion batteries engineered for the utmost safety, lifespan, and smoothest rides.
Two aspects are needed to comprehend the operation and performance of an E-scooter’s battery – voltage and charge. A very straightforward, non-technical explanation of voltage is as follows: voltage is what drives the electrons in the circuit to flow, driving an electric current. In Volts, we measure voltage (V).
It measures the speed at which electricity can be released. A battery can supply more power to a motor more quickly the higher the voltage.
The input and output voltages of batteries are really two distinct voltages. That is actually true for practically every electrical component. However, we typically refer to the battery's output voltage when discussing battery voltage. The battery's output voltage must be several Volts or more than the motor's input voltage.
1 V = 1 Wh / 1 Ah
Charge, on the other hand, needs a bit more background. The brief explanation is as follows.
Actually, there is no such thing as pure charge; there can only be a positive or negative charge. Atoms, which are composed of protons, neutrons, and electrons, make up all matter. A regular number of electrons may be present in each atom, as well as more electrons or fewer electrons than typical. A positive charge is present in an atom when it has fewer electrons than a negative charge. A substance having a significant excess of electrons has a negative charge.
Batteries must contain electrons (charge!) since electricity is simply electrons flowing through something. Battery charge is measured in Ampere-hours (Ah). Battery charges in electric scooters can range from 4 Ah all the way up to 12 Ah in the most powerful scooters.
If you are aware of the battery's voltage and capacity, you may calculate its charge by dividing the Watt-hours (Wh) capacity by the Volts voltage (V).
1 Ah equals 1 Wh divided by 1 V
Battery capacity and how to calculate/interpret it
By multiplying the voltage by the charge capacity, you may calculate the energy storage capacity. Because of this, manufacturers frequently just list the voltage and charge in the user manuals.
Energy storage capacity, defined simply, refers to how much energy the battery can hold. It is measured in Watt-hours (Wh). One Volt multiplied by one Ampere-hour makes one Watt-hour. Scooter batteries have capacities ranging from 100 Wh to approximately 3000 Wh. Adult scooters typically range in power from 150 Wh to 624 Wh. By multiplying the voltage and charge of the battery, you can determine its capacity.
Formula: 1 Wh = 1 Ah * 1 V
Our top-of-the-line SmooSat MAX boasts an enormous 12Ah battery.
Are electric scooter batteries safe?
Since electric scooter batteries are almost identical to those used in computers and other electronics, they have undergone extensive testing and are generally highly safe.
Accidents, such as fires and explosions, can nevertheless occasionally occur due to incorrect use or manufacturing flaws. Therefore, it is crucial to choose wisely before purchasing. For this reason, our engineers at SmooSat follow a no-compromise philosophy when it comes to battery design and safety.
Battery management systems are used in electric scooter batteries due to the possibility of combustion and explosion. That is an electrical system that controls how the individual battery cells charge and discharge, safeguarding them from dangers like overcharging, total discharge, overheating, and fire.
· Get batteries from a reliable supplier or company
· Avoid receiving batteries that are not in protective packaging (hard plastic or equal)
· Visually inspect batteries when you receive them, and do it at least once a week. Be careful not to harm the battery connections or shell.
· Keep batteries away from materials that could catch fire.
· For long-term storage, remove the device's batteries.
· Keep the batteries between 5°C and 20°C (41°F and 68°F) in storage.
· Charge batteries in storage to about 60% of capacity at least once a month, disconnect them right away if they start to smell funny, get hot, or change form, and dispose of them.
· Avoid overcharging batteries.
· prevent water, seawater, powerful oxidizers, and strong acids from coming into touch with batteries.
· Never keep batteries out in the sun or warm environments.
· Keep combustible objects away from batteries.
· Give the battery some time to cool down before charging or riding immediately after charging.
How to properly charge an e-scooters battery?
The universal procedures for recharging your electric scooter battery are as follows:
1. Use only the original scooter charger.
2. Plug the charger into the outlet.
3. Place the charger head into the scooter's charging port.
4. Keep charging the battery until it is fully charged (every scooter will have different ways of indicating this) and SmooSat offers the most intuitive monitoring systems.
5. Remove the scooter's charger head from the charging port.
6. Lastly, turn off the charger by first removing it from the outlet.
For exact instructions, consult the user handbook or manual. Follow these instructions in the precise sequence given if your manual is missing any specific instructions. If your scooter's handbook contains further instructions, those instructions should be followed.
Use the charger that came with the scooter, or a similar model purchased from the same manufacturer wherever possible. Use the same voltage (V) and charge if using a different charger (Ah). If not, you run the danger of the battery deteriorating more quickly.
How often should you charge?
When your battery is only about 15% full or less, charge it. The sole rule is to avoid letting your battery entirely deplete because doing so will hasten its depletion. Charge the battery to about 60% at least once a month if you plan to store your scooter for an extended period of time.
How long does a charge last?
Electric scooter charges typically last 2 hours for routine trips, although they can last anywhere from 30 minutes to over 6 hours. The charge will typically last between a few minutes and 2.5 hours, depending on the model, when traveling at top speed. The scooter's range, which averages 28 miles (46 kilometers) and varies between 4 and 93 miles (75 and 150 kilometers), is a more useful metric.
What is the longevity of the battery?
Although they can last from a few months to five years, electric scooter batteries normally last between two and three years. Electric batteries typically have a lifespan of 300 to 500 cycles, despite the fact that performance can only begin to deteriorate after 150 charge cycles.
What determines how long a battery lasts is: the battery's type, the year it was manufactured, the brand and maker, and how well you care for it You can perform a few things to increase the battery's lifespan mentioned in the next section.
Tips for battery maintenance
You may do three things to ensure that the battery in your scooter lasts as long as possible:
· Even after brief journeys, charge your scooter frequently since an electric battery operates best when it is fully charged; the longer it is left in an uncharged state, the more quickly it will deteriorate. · Never allow the battery to run out completely (this applies when storing your scooter away for longer periods of time as well) · Make sure your battery is always stored at the proper temperature, ideally between 5 °C and 30 °C but at least higher than 0 °C and lower than 45 °C (and also see my guide on riding electric scooters in hot weather).
There is no avoiding the fact that electric batteries deteriorate with time. But if you adhere to these three recommendations, your battery will last as long as possible.
How to check and monitor the battery
Plugging your charger into your scooter is the simplest way to determine whether a battery is functional. A green light on the charger often indicates that the battery is being charged and functioning properly. Chargers have indicator lights on them.
A straightforward visual inspection is another excellent approach to examining a battery. You should just make sure there are no burns, leaks, damages, or other unforeseen events on the battery. This test won't be particularly helpful for the majority of scooters, though, as it will require you to open the scooter's deck. That not only needs a little more effort but there's a chance you won't replace every component with a screw.
When to replace the battery?
Over time, batteries deteriorate, and eventually, you'll need to replace them. The reduced range is the first indication that the scooter battery needs to be replaced. Range and battery performance are inversely correlated, so if your scooter's range falls to 50% or less of its initial range, it might be time for a replacement. An additional significant indicator is decreased top speed and climbing capacity.
Replacement and Upgradability
One of the most expensive components of the scooter is the battery. It can be replaced for 15% to 30% more than the scooter's original cost. To ensure that you get the most out of your current battery, there are a few actions you can take, which is a blessing. The best advice here is to invest in a good e-scooter that has top-spec batteries from the get-go so you do not have to replace it in at least half a decade like our SmooSat E9 Apex, SA3 Prime, and the MAX.
Are batteries waterproof?
The majority of electric scooters are, at the very least, somewhat water-resistant overall. Some scooter models provide information on their water-resistance (IP) rating, indicating that such models have undergone water-damage testing.
Frequently, the scooter's overall water-resistance requirement differs from that of the battery and its case. Water has a great deal of effect on electric batteries. Given their significance, it is essential that they have additional protection. In order to better protect the battery from water than the scooter as a whole, some manufacturers have a distinct IP classification for the battery housing.
These models are the exception, though. Only around half of scooter models are officially rated for water resistance. The same rating will apply to the battery unless a separate water-resistance rating is provided. Despite the fact that many scooters have some sort of IP classification, their manufacturers nonetheless caution against water contact and urge riders to stay as far away from the rain and snow as possible.
In other words, even while the battery may be quite resistant to water damage, very few batteries are actually waterproof. Avoid using and storing in damp areas. If you intend to go for offroad rides on harsh terrain, we highly recommend the which is engineered just for these use cases.
Most storage advice for scooters is motivated by the need to protect the battery. They consist of:
· Keep the scooter in a dry, dark place where the temperature is between 5 and 20 degrees. · Even when not in use, charge the battery to a level of about 60% once a month.
Some scooters allow you to ride them like a regular scooter by kicking instead of using the electric accelerator. However, the majority won't be good candidates for riding like this. For kick-riding to work, they are typically either too heavy or have wheels or decks that are too high.
You'll probably need to find another mode of transportation or push the scooter if your battery dies mid-drive. As such, for a smooth ride on any kind of terrain and for all ages, we recommend you check out our best-selling SmooSat E9 Pro for kids, the elegant SmooSat SA3 Prime for adults, and the powerhouse - SmooSat MAX for offroad and no-compromise riding.